All the example here may be or may not be connected to each other depending on the need. Be wise & understand where & how you can use this functionality for your need.
Getter and Setter Method
class Square: def __init__(self, height=0, w # getter @property def height(self): print(“retriving the height”) return self.__height # setter @height.setter def height(self, value): if value.isdigit(): self.__height = value else: print(‘InputError: only numerical value pace’)
Note: Check the setter and getter method added for Square class
- Actual value if
heightis stored in another variable called
@propertyfor getter method
#.setterfor setter method
Methods – class methods
@staticmethod def whoami(): print(“awesome”)
Class Methods: It does not matter if class is initialised, it just works.
- keyword to note is
- Inside params there is no
def __str__(self): return “know thyself”, self.__name__, self.health, self.hp
Note: This method gives a meaning result when you print this object otherwise you will only see an instance’s meta data which you won’t understand.
class Mammal(Animal): def __init__(self, birthType=”born alive”,…): Animal.__init(self, birthType, appearance,…._: self.__new_features = new_feature @property def new_features(): return self.__nurseYoung @new_feature.setter def nurseYoung(self, nurseYpung): if nurseYoung.isalpha(): self.__nurseYOung = nurseYOung else: print “nurseYOung has to be a string”
Note: Look at is init method
- We used parentheses in the Class Name as we using inheritance – otherwise not required.
- This class called its parent class Animal & then does the initialisation using Animal’s init and then
- For extra variables added variable with its custom getter & setter methods
def __str__(self): ## appending super’s output & printing a new info return super().__str__() + “ and also nurse their young”
Note: This method is to call its parent & use its out and then makes its own new with added information.
- Parent already has that method.
Function Overload / Operator Overload ==> no. of input variables is not fixed
# In Python - type casting setting is Dynamic # In Java, C - its static Type Casting ## def sumAll(self, a_int, b_int, c_int) ## def sumAll(self, a_int, b_int, c_str) ## def sumAll(self, a_int, b_str, c_str) def sumAll(self, *args): sum = 0 for i in args: sum += int(i) return sum
Note: This method works for any number of inputs number* whether given as number or strings
def tell_me_whp_are_you(object): print(‘my name is’, object.__name__)
Note: This method works for any object/instance that has name attribute, it does not matter what kind of object it is.
Magic method (part2) (Already shown once above for str)
def __add__(vector1, vector2): vector1.x += vector2.x vector1.y += vector2.y vector1.z += vector2.z vector2 = vector1 # repoint & del vector2 return vector1
Note: Like init, this add can help you create basic functions like add, sub, multiplayer, div, mod-modulus.